The gall bladder has to be removed if it has formed gall stones that are causing severe or recurrent pain. Gall stones can also cause other problems such as obstructive jaundice or pancreatitis if they slip out of the gall bladder into the Common Bile Duct.
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the removal of the gall bladder by the key-hole method. First introduced in 1987, this has now become the standard method of removing gall bladders.
This is the repair of inguinal hernias by the key-hole method. Though there is still some debate about whether it is definitely superior to the traditional (open) method, the laparosopcic method certainly offers several benefits. Recovery is generally reported to be quicker, and fewer people experience chronic groin pain after a laparoscopic repair. When the patient has hernias in both groins, the laparoscopic approach is clearly superior, as both hernias can be repaired through the same tiny incisions.
This operation cures reflux disease. Gastro oesophageal reflux disease is very common & is commonly associated with hiatus hernias. Most patients are easily treated by medications & do not require surgery.
This laparoscopic operation is recommended for those with severe symptoms which are not adequately controlled by medications such as omeprazole or lansaprazole, or those who are fed up of having to take these medications in large doses.
Approximately 10% of people undergoing abdominal operations subsequently develop a hernia in the scar - this is called an incisional hernia. Not everybody needs an operation, but some people suffer significant symptoms or embarrassment because of their hernias. Also, some of these hernias can become strangulated. Conventional open repair entails making large incisions & extensive dissection of tissues. Laparoscopic repair is fast becoming popular as a less invasive procedure which seems more effective than the traditional method in avoiding a further recurrence of the hernia.
Surgery for the treatment of obesity ranges from Gastric Banding through Sleeve Gastrectomy to Gastric Bypass; all are performed laparoscopically. For those not keen to undergo surgery, there is the option of receiving an Intra-Gastric Balloon that remains in the stomach for 6 months, and helps patients to change their eating habits.